EFSA has published the report Chemicals in food 2016, which focuses on food contamination by pesticide and veterinary drug residues, and on consumer exposure to two process contaminants of high public interest: acrylamide in food; and glycidyl esters/MCPDs in vegetable oils and food.
This report provides an overview of data collected by the EU Member States and analysed by EFSA in 2015 and 2016 to monitor chemicals in food and help protect consumers.
Food containing pesticide residues may pose a risk to public health, so these studies help to protect the consumer so as they provide scientific advice on safe levels for their presence in food. These levels can apply to a one-off/short-term high intake of a chemical substance, or to their accumulation in the body over time.
In general, the report stresses high compliance rates with residue limits across the EU on pesticide and veterinary drug residues. Regarding the presence of GE, 3-MCPD and 3-MCPD esters, the report provides data on potential health concerns of these process contaminants in food, relevant to identify its potential risk for consumers.